The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein said Sunday he deeply regretted the news that 47 people had been executed in a single day in Saudi Arabia, and deplored the execution of Sheikh Nimr Al-Nimr and any other individual who had not committed a crime viewed “as most serious” under international human rights law.
Geneva, January 3, 2016.- “Under international human rights law, the death penalty may only be imposed, in countries that still have this form of punishment, if a strict set of substantive and procedural requirements are met,” Zeid said. Noting how he had written to the government of the Saudi Arabia on the subject of Sheikh Nimr Al-Nimr’s death sentence earlier last year, he added: “The category of ‘most serious crimes,’ for which the death penalty is still permissible, has been consistently interpreted by human rights mechanisms as being restricted to murder and other forms of intentional killing. In addition, the death penalty may only be carried out if there has been stringent respect of due process and fair trial guarantees, and full transparency throughout the process.”
“Convictions cannot be based on confessions obtained under torture and ill-treatment, or trial proceedings that fall short of international standards,” the High Commissioner said. “The application of the death penalty in these circumstances is unconscionable, as any miscarriage of justice as a result of capital punishment cannot be undone, and no justice system is totally free from human error.”
Zeid said he was extremely concerned about the recent sharp increase in the number of executions in Saudi Arabia, with at least 157 people put to death in 2015, compared to 90 executed in 2014, and lower numbers in previous years.
“Now we see almost one-third of the 2015 total executed in a single day,” he said. “That is a very disturbing development indeed, particularly as some of those sentenced to death were accused of non-violent crimes. Generally, I remain very concerned over whether strict due process guarantees, including the right to an effective defence, were met in all cases.”
He urged the Government of Saudi Arabia to impose a moratorium on all executions and to work with the UN and other partners on alternative strategies to combat terrorism.
Since 2007, the UN General Assembly has adopted a series of resolutions calling on States that retain the death penalty to establish a moratorium on executions with a view to abolishing the death penalty altogether.